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Prevalence of Obstructive Sleep Apnea in Type 2 Diabetes patient

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Dr. Sushil Dohare
» doi: 10.31838/ecb/2023.12.si6.238


When we set out to perform this systematic review, our major goal was to determine the overall prevalence of obstructive sleep apnea (OSA) in individuals and to determine whether or not there were any significant variations in the frequency of OSA across the various demographic groupings. This review includes 24 of the 3807 papers that were identified by a comprehensive search of the PubMed and Embase databases. The stated prevalence, although is often high, varies greatly due to substantial methodological variability in population prevalence studies. Males had the greatest rates of obstructive sleep apnea, with occurrence at an apnea-hypopnea index (AHI) of 5 events/h affecting between 9 to 38% of the population. This index measures the number of times an individual stops breathing during sleep. It approached 90% for males in some groups of the elderly and 78% for females in the same categories. There was a significant age-related difference in the prevalence of AHI at 15 events per hour, ranging from 6% in young persons to 49% in older individuals. There was shown to be a higher frequency of OSA in both men and women who were obese. The prevalence of OSA is shown to rise with age, male sex, as well as body mass index in this meta-analysis. It is crucial to a) acknowledge that OSA occurs on a continuum in the general population and b) create consensus on methodology and diagnostic criteria to diagnose OSA in order to accurately compare the incidence of OSA across regions and countries, and within age-/sex-specific subgroups

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