E-ISSN 2063-5346
 

Research Article 
ECB. 2021; 10(3): 171-178


PRELIMINARY LABORATORY-SCALE INVESTIGATION of PLANT BIOMASS HARVESTING EFFECT on WASTE NUTRIENT REMOVAL from FISH FARM WASTEWATER

Ng Y.S., Farid D.F.M.,Chan D.J.C..

Abstract
Macrophytes can remediate fish farm wastewater sustainably before discharging them to water bodies. However, macrophytes harvesting could potentially affect the phytoremediation since biomass removal could reduce its performance. In this study, the harvesting effect on the waste nutrient removal performance of Spirodela polyrhiza and Lemna sp. were carried out in fish farm wastewater for 14 days. Water quality assays include ammonia (NH3-N), nitrate (NO3--N), phosphate (PO43-), COD, turbidity and TSS were monitored. The biomass composition of the macrophytes at the end of the experiment was assessed. From the results, biomass harvesting affected the nitrate, phosphate, TTS and macrophyte fresh weight, but not for ammonia, COD and turbidity. Nitrate increased slightly after S. polyrhiza and Lemna sp. were harvested, with their levels still controlled under typical natural level. Harvesting S. polyrhiza and Lemna sp. enhanced phosphate and TSS removal from the macrophytes' wastewater and biomass increment. Overall, harvesting had more improved results compared to the one without harvesting. 83% phosphate, 93% turbidity, 93% TSS, complete ammonia and COD removal from the fish farm wastewater could be attained by the macrophyte groups. The obtained data can help improve the harvesting practice on macrophytes, predicting and elevating the phytoremediation performance in the wastewater.

Key words: Biomass harvesting; Fish farm wastewater; Macrophytes; Nutrient removal; Phytoremediation


 
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Pubmed Style

Ng Y.S., Farid D.F.M.,Chan D.J.C.. PRELIMINARY LABORATORY-SCALE INVESTIGATION of PLANT BIOMASS HARVESTING EFFECT on WASTE NUTRIENT REMOVAL from FISH FARM WASTEWATER. ECB. 2021; 10(3): 171-178.


Web Style

Ng Y.S., Farid D.F.M.,Chan D.J.C.. PRELIMINARY LABORATORY-SCALE INVESTIGATION of PLANT BIOMASS HARVESTING EFFECT on WASTE NUTRIENT REMOVAL from FISH FARM WASTEWATER. https://www.eurchembull.com/?mno=52168 [Access: September 25, 2022].


AMA (American Medical Association) Style

Ng Y.S., Farid D.F.M.,Chan D.J.C.. PRELIMINARY LABORATORY-SCALE INVESTIGATION of PLANT BIOMASS HARVESTING EFFECT on WASTE NUTRIENT REMOVAL from FISH FARM WASTEWATER. ECB. 2021; 10(3): 171-178.



Vancouver/ICMJE Style

Ng Y.S., Farid D.F.M.,Chan D.J.C.. PRELIMINARY LABORATORY-SCALE INVESTIGATION of PLANT BIOMASS HARVESTING EFFECT on WASTE NUTRIENT REMOVAL from FISH FARM WASTEWATER. ECB. (2021), [cited September 25, 2022]; 10(3): 171-178.



Harvard Style

Ng Y.S., Farid D.F.M.,Chan D.J.C. (2021) PRELIMINARY LABORATORY-SCALE INVESTIGATION of PLANT BIOMASS HARVESTING EFFECT on WASTE NUTRIENT REMOVAL from FISH FARM WASTEWATER. ECB, 10 (3), 171-178.



Turabian Style

Ng Y.S., Farid D.F.M.,Chan D.J.C.. 2021. PRELIMINARY LABORATORY-SCALE INVESTIGATION of PLANT BIOMASS HARVESTING EFFECT on WASTE NUTRIENT REMOVAL from FISH FARM WASTEWATER. European Chemical Bulletin, 10 (3), 171-178.



Chicago Style

Ng Y.S., Farid D.F.M.,Chan D.J.C.. "PRELIMINARY LABORATORY-SCALE INVESTIGATION of PLANT BIOMASS HARVESTING EFFECT on WASTE NUTRIENT REMOVAL from FISH FARM WASTEWATER." European Chemical Bulletin 10 (2021), 171-178.



MLA (The Modern Language Association) Style

Ng Y.S., Farid D.F.M.,Chan D.J.C.. "PRELIMINARY LABORATORY-SCALE INVESTIGATION of PLANT BIOMASS HARVESTING EFFECT on WASTE NUTRIENT REMOVAL from FISH FARM WASTEWATER." European Chemical Bulletin 10.3 (2021), 171-178. Print.



APA (American Psychological Association) Style

Ng Y.S., Farid D.F.M.,Chan D.J.C. (2021) PRELIMINARY LABORATORY-SCALE INVESTIGATION of PLANT BIOMASS HARVESTING EFFECT on WASTE NUTRIENT REMOVAL from FISH FARM WASTEWATER. European Chemical Bulletin, 10 (3), 171-178.